Note - there is a way to test if products or ingredients will irritate human skin - do skin patch test on human volunteers. Scientists can also grow human skin in test tubes. There is NO excuse for animal testing. None whatsoever and if they say there is they are lying. Human volunteers are more reliable than animals. They will tell you when it starts to sting or burn. Animals cannot. All they can do is sit there in pain.
Note - The one thing that Lavera are to be congratulated on is for using full disclosure when it comes to saying what ingredients are in each product, including saying whether things are vegan or not. Whilst their cruelty free credentials may be a bit dodgy, at least unlike so many other companies they actually list ingredients allowing buyers to make an informed choice.
Now if only they could be a certain about saying their products are cruelty free.
For more information, check out Living Cruelty Free: Life a more Compassionate Life, available now on Amazon on Kindle and in paperback. Click here for more details.